Mongolia (/mɒnˈɡoʊliə/ (listen), Mongolian: Монгол Улс Mongol Uls, Traditional Mongolian: [a] Mongγol ulus) is a landlocked country in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, which is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is situated between Russia to the north and China to the south, where it neighbours the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, although only 37 kilometres (23 miles) separate them.
Mongolia's area is 1,564,116 square kilometres (603,909 square miles), and with a population of just 3.3 million, makes it the 18th-largest sovereign state and the most sparsely populated. It is the world's second-largest landlocked country, behind Kazakhstan, and the largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea. Mongolia contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the country's population. It is also ranked the coldest capital city alongside Moscow, Ottawa, and Nur-Sultan.
Approximately 30% of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic; horse culture remains integral. Buddhism is the majority religion, with the nonreligious being the second-largest group. Islam is the second-largest religion, concentrated among ethnic Kazakhs. Most citizens are ethnic Mongols, with roughly 4% of the population being Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other minorities, who are especially concentrated in the west.
DXCC entry: Mongolia (JT)
QTH: Bayan-Ölgii Province
ITU zone: 32
CQ zone: 23
GRID square: NN48BS
A small group of radio amateurs R9YU R5QA decided to visit Mongolia.
According to the preliminary plan, after May 10, everything depends on the opening of the border.
Due to the illness of some of the members, the expedition is preliminarily postponed to August.
Antenna 1 - 2 EL Yagi 20M
Antenna 2 - Delta Loop 40M
Antenna 3 - G5RV 10-160M
RADIO 1 - Yaesu FT-991a
RADIO 2 - Kenwood TS-2000S